The centre of Tuscany in the province of Siena, it dominates the Ombrone and Asso Valleys and the arabia.   
Montalcino was an important centre in Etruscan and Roman times whilst in the middle ages it was contested between Florence and Siena, belonging afterwards to P. Strozzi (1555) and to the Medici (1559).


In Montalcino, amongst the monuments worth visiting, we find the Palazzo Comunale with its 13th-15th century loggia, the Church of S. Egidio and the Church of S. Agostino from the 14th century. 
The Rocca designed by Minio Faresi and Domenico di Feo in 1361 is particularly interesting, and today hosts numerous wine and food exhibitions.  
An important example of neo-classic architecture is the Duomo, built between 1818 and 1832 following the designs of Agostino Fantastici on the site of the ancient S. Salvatore parish. 
Finally, a visit to the Palazzo dei Priori from the 13th-14th centuries is particularly interesting, from the Sienese school of architecture with the marble coats of arms of its mayors.